ENGLISH 1803 LIGHT COMPANY OFFICERS SWORD WITH HISTORY.
A very good example of the classic 1803 pattern Light Company infantry officers sword having a broad curved 30 inch fullered blade. Marked on the flat back section of the blade ‘WOOLLEY & DEAKINS’ in pressed steel. Woolley & Deakins were a famous sword maker in Birmingham, England, who supplied swords to both the British and American armed forces. Both sides of the blade has virtually all the gold inlaid colour remaining clearly showing the coat of arms decoration and the stands of arms. The opposite side again all of the gold inlay is visible, which includes the ‘GR’ with crown above, the standing soldier carrying the sword wearing the Tarleton helmet, plus the inlaid circlet, which to the centre again has the ‘Woolley & Deakins’. To that particular side there is a reasonable amount of the blued panel remaining. To the opposite side virtually of the blue has disappeared. The blade has some black spotting towards the hatchet type tip, the edge of the blade has not been abused, its fighting edge below the blued and gold panel has been sharpened for combat. The sword has the standard 1803 pattern cut out hilt showing ‘GR’ under a crown, the slotted guard with three loops each side with the crowned ‘GR’ cipher and fluted and knuckle bow, lion’s head pommel. The hilt at one time has taken a slight knock upwards, probably in the battle, which is described below. There is a minor distortion, in the lion’s mouth there is a portapee ring, the grip is good with all its grip wire intact and has at least 85% of the original gilt remaining to the hilt itself and engraved along the back strap ‘J.H.Toyne Esquire, AD 1848’. The whole sword is fitted into its totally original scabbard. The degree of gilt to the three scabbard mounts is probably only 35% however they remain a good colour and is the completely original scabbard to the sword. One of the main problems in any of the leather mounted scabbards of the early 19th century is that the leather rots and we are glad to say this is in superb condition, there is no weakness at all to the scabbard. There are some cracks to the surface tanning and some minor abrasions that has gone through the tanning, the stitching on the rear of the leather is absolutely complete and undamaged. Because of leather shrinkage the scabbard stops short of the hilt by 1 half on an inch. The top mount is engraved ‘Lieutenant Charles Parker, to J.A.Toyne Esquire AD 1848’. The Upper Canada Rebellion took place in 1838, after the rebellion by disaffected Upper Canadians were suppressed in 1837. The majority of the rebel leaders fled to the United States, the battle of the Windmill was a battle fought in November 1838, Loyalist forces of the Upper Canadian Government defeated an invasion by hunter patriot insurgents based in the U.S. on the morning of the 13th November 1838. Lieutenant Colonel Young ordered an attack in two columns, the right one under Ogle Gowan the left column under Lieutenant Colonel Richard Frazer of the 2nd Grenville Regiment. Gowan Vanguard of 44 men from the 83rd Regiment were commanded by Lieutenant William Johnson, which was Frazer’s vanguard of which 30 were Royal Marines under the command of Lieutenant Charles Parker. There is much further reading involved with this story ‘THE BATTLE OF THE WINDMILL’, which gives a list of combatants on both sides. Another work is ‘A TROUBLESOME BIRTH’ the journal of 1st Lieutenant Charles Parker Royal Marines, THE CANADA YEARS 1830 TO 1840 by Robert J. Andrews. The name of J.H.Toyne Esquire is unknown to us, we can only imagine that 10 years later Lieutenant Charles Parker presented his sword as a gift to J.H. Toyne. As can be seen by the dates both on the upper scabbard mount and the back strap this was 10 years after the event. It is most likely that this sword was used by Lieutenant Charles Parker in the Battle of the Windmill in 1838. A lovely 1803 sword with identified provenance and history.
Code: 65598 Price: 2150.00 GBP